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Recipientes a Presión y Calderas de ASME


A continuación se presenta un resumen general de algunos de los principales cambios que aparecerán en la Edición 2021 del Código ASME de Calderas y Recipientes a Presión.

Todos los cambios del Código estarán disponibles cuando se publique la Edición 2021 el 1 de julio de 2021

Los cambios específicos detallados deben ser revisados cuidadosamente y verificados tal como se publican en la Edición 2021 para asegurar el cumplimiento de los requisitos del Código.

General Change to Sections I, IV, VIII (Divisions 1, 2 and 3), X and XII

  • Adopted the new ASME BPVC Section XIII, Rules for Overpressure Protection
  • Revisions to Sections I, IV, VIII (Divisions 1, 2 and 3), X and XII have been issued concurrent with the publication of Section XIII. These include the transfer of pressure relief device requirements, from each of the aforementioned Sections to Section XIII.
  • The remaining overpressure protection requirements have been restructured; cross-references updated; and new Appendices added to list the new locations for all those requirements, formerly located in each of the Sections.

Section I

  • Revised Figure PG-33.2 sketch (c) to depict d as the OD of the nozzle, in addition to reinstating Figure PW-16.1(Z) sketches as a new sketch (j).
  • Revised Figures PG-58.2-1 and PG-58.2-6 by deleting the flow arrow for miscellaneous piping connections, in addition to replacing “Chemical Feed” and “Drum Sampling” references with “Water Treatment”.
  • Revised PG-58.3.1 to further clarify the limits of BEP for a single installation.
  • Revised PW-39.1 to add reference to Table PW-39.2, addressing temperature ranges for dissimilar and similar weld joints.

General Changes to Section II

  • The range of acceptable ASTM editions has been updated for a number of specifications.
  • The Guideline on the Approval of New Materials Under the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code has been updated.

Section II, Part A

  • Updates to the latest adopted edition have been made to over 15 specifications.
  • Two new specifications have been added:
  • SA-988/SA-988M
  • SA-989/SA-989M
  • One specification has been removed, SA/NFA 36-215.

Section II, Part B

  • Updates to the latest adopted edition have been made to over 45 specifications.
  • Two new specifications have been added:
  • SB-752/SB-752M
  • SB-834
  • One specification has been removed, SB-858.

Section II, Part C

  • Six AWS specifications for arc welding electrodes, gas welding rods and other filler metals adopted or updated into the 2021 edition & one removed:
  • AWS A5.01M/A5.01:2019 «Welding and Brazing Consumables –
  • Procurement of Filler Materials and Fluxes» as SFA-5.01M/SFA-5.01
  • AWS A5.17/A5.17M:2019 «Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and Fluxes for Submerged Arc Welding» as SFA-5.17/SFA-5.17M
  • AWS A5.26/A5.26M:2020 «Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Electrogas Welding» as SFA-5.26/SFA-5.26M
  • AWS A5.28/A5.28M:2020 «Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes and Rods for Gas Shielded Arc Welding» as SFA-5.28/SFA-5.28M
  • AWS A5.34/A5.34M:2018 «Specification for Nickel-Alloy Flux Cored and Metal Cored Welding Electrodes» as SFA-5.34/SFA-5.34M
  • AWS A5.39/A5.39M:2020 «Specification for Flux and Electrode Combinations for Submerged Arc and Electroslag Joining and Surfacing of Stainless Steel and Nickel Alloys» as SFA-5.39/SFA-5.39M
  • Removed SFA-5.36/SFA-5.36M, since AWS and ANSI have withdrawn A5.36/A5.36M.

Section II, Part DC & DM

  • Existing stress lines for Grade 91 have been designated as “Type 1” and new lines have been added for Grade 91 “Type 2” with higher allowable stresses.
  • Tables 6A through 6D containing allowable stresses for ASME BPVC Section IV have been made mandatory.
  • Incorporated Code Cases 2445-2, 2543, and 2603-1.
  • Additions and revisions to stress tables and mechanical property tables have been made to support updated specifications.

Section III, NCA

  • NCA-1111 revised to include the scope of Division 5 and to provide a reference to Subsection HA to direct the user to general requirements for high temperature reactors.
  • NCA-3461, NCA-3561, NCA-3661, NCA-3684 and NCA-3785

revised to provide consistency and clarification regarding N type Certificate Holders responsibilities.

  • NCA-3862.2 revised to add requirements for N-type certification of materials.

Section III, NB

  • NB-3324 revised to add an additional thickness formula for nonspherical heads in Class 1 construction.
  • NB-3500 revised to define requirements for safety relief devices.

Section III, NCD

  • Subsections NC and ND consolidated into one Subsection NCD. The new Subsection NCD contains the requirements for both Class 1 and Class 2 components.
  • NCD-3531.1 and NCD-3593.1 revised to add design and

test requirements to address Pilot Operated Relief Valves (PORVs) and Pressure Actuated Relief Valves (PARVs).

  • Table NCD-4622.7(b)-1 revised to add rows for socket welds for P- No. 3, P-No. 9A Gr. 1, and P-No. 9B Gr. 1.
  • General note: The rest of Section III was editorially revised to now refer to NCD rather than the individual subsections.

Section III, NE

  • Figure NE-2575.2-1 revised to add General Note C to clarify that the sketch shown is typical but is to be used as guide for minimum required coverage of other configurations.
  • Deleted NE-3228.1(a).
  • NE-4211 revised to align NB/NC/ND/WB/WC/WD-4211.
  • NE-6111 revised to clarify that “non-welded access opening covers” are exempted from pressure testing.

Section III, NF

  • Various revisions made to Subsection NF and Appendix F to reflect appropriate stress limit conditions identified in the NRC Regulatory Guide 1.130.
  • NF-3322 revised to be consistent with AISC 360-16 and to align with current industry guidance for pin-connected members.
  • Two new figures added to provide clarity in application of the dimensional limitations described in the text.
  • NF-3223.5 added to provide additional specificity as to how to determine the critical buckling stress of NF Plate and Shell designs.

Section III, NG

  • NG-3211 revised to provide requirements to address buckling of beams and columns.
  • The terms related to stress analysis in NG-3213 updated to be consistent with those in Mandatory Appendix XIII, Design Based on Stress Analysis.
  • Deleted NE-3228.1(a) since the limitation on analytical methods for «the remaining stress limits» is no longer needed.
  • NG-3225, NG-3228, NG-3235 revised to consolidate and clarify the rules for limit analysis within Subsection NG.

Section III, Appendices

  • XIII-3430 revised to add a new criterion to explicitly address the ratchet limit due to thermal membrane stress in addition to combined thermal membrane plus bending stress range.
  • Appendix XXVI updated to add new Nonmandatory Supplement E to provide guidance for the pressure design of PE and metallic-to- PE flanged joints.
  • Nonmandatory Appendix B revised to add guidance for additional ultrasonic examination for high alloy metals.
  • New Nonmandatory Appendix MM added to provide guidance on the stress linearization process, based on the stress linearization guidelines in Section VIII, Division 2.

Section III, Division 2

  • Revised to harmonize the material sizing system. All metric bar and coupler sizes referenced within the Code have been revised to maintain the US material sizing system.
  • Revised CC-2438.4.1 and CC-2438.4.2 to clarify that qualification test data and test data for permanent corrosion protection material as defined in CC-2438 shall be certified.
  • Table CC-2623.2-1 revised to update strength requirements for studs.
  • CC-2710 and CC-3121 revised to provide clarification on existing requirements.

Section III, Division 3

  • Subsections WB, WC and WD revised to clarify the prohibition of certain welding processes.
  • Section WC-2129 added to include requirements for fabricated hubbed flanges.
  • Section WC-3263 added to include requirements for Category C Weld Joints for Flat Heads with Hubs.
  • Various Figures and paragraphs revised in WB-3000 to clarify the requirements for the hypothetical fire event.

Section III, Division 5

  • HHA-3217 revised to update the failure probability calculation to increase the accuracy for fine grained graphite materials.
  • Figure HBB-T-1420-1E revised to update the series of fatigue curves for Grade 91 at elevated temperatures from 700F to 1200F.
  • Appendix HBB-T revised to provide equations for the isochronous stress-strain curves.

Section IV

  • Revised the design temperature of plain furnaces in HG-312.1(b).
  • Added requirements to allow for alternative marking of small parts based on BPV Section I, para. PG-106.8.2.
  • Removed the allowable stress tables from Section IV and updated the references to these tables to Section II, Part D.
  • Added New Part HG, Article 8 on Modular Boiler Requirements.

Section V

  • Added Nonmandatory Appendices in Articles 4 and 5 for General Techniques for Straight Beam and Angle Beam Transfer Correction.
  • Added new Article 21 for Pulsed Eddy Current (PEC) Examination.
  • Added a cautionary note to the cover page of each document in Subsection B.
  • Added new Article 20, Requirements for Computed Tomography Examination.

Section VI

  • There were no significant changes to Section VI in the 2021 Edition.

Section VII

  • Figures were added for a watertube boiler and a package boiler.

Section VIII, Division 1

  • Added new Mandatory Appendix 47 to prescribe minimum competence requirements for performing design activities, as well as qualification and certification requirements for design personnel.
  • Revisions have been made to provide requirements for a Division 1 pressure vessel to be constructed using a cast acrylic shell.
  • Added New Nonmandatory Appendix UIG-A to serve as a quick reference guide for Manufacturers to use in conjunction with Part UIG.

Section VIII, Division 2

  • Revised Annex 2-B and 2-J to allow engineers to provide Code services, in addition to Certifying Engineers and Designers. Educational requirements for engineers and Designers, have also been added. These changes aligns the requirements of Appendix 47 of Section VIII, Division 1.
  • Revised Part 2, para. 2-F.7.1 to include the character size of 4 mm (5/32 in.) for stamping on the nameplate.
  • Para. 3.11.4 revised to permit the use of flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) for Division 2 high alloy construction.
  • ASME STP-PT-074 added as an acceptable method to be followed for evaluating local stresses in shells, formed heads and nozzles.

Section VIII, Division 3

  • KM-400.2 and KM-400.2M revised to add new cautionary notes (11) and (12) that involve the chloride stress corrosion cracking of austenitic stainless steels and the corrosion of free-machining stainless steels, respectively.
  • Tables KD-320.1, KD-320.1M, and Figures KD-320.3 and KD- 320.3M revised to update the austenitic stainless- steel fatigue curves.
  • KF-826 revised to update the rules for calculating maximum permissible gaps for welded layered vessel.
  • KE-503 and KT-510 revised to remove requirement that Volumetric Expansion Test be performed separately after Hydrostatic and Acoustic Testing.
  • Deleted Appendix L and added reference to Section VIII, Division 2, Annex 5-A.

Section IX

  • Revised QW-200.4, Table QW-255, QW-403.10 and QW-404.32

concerning GMAW in short-circuit transfer mode.

  • Revised QW-403.6, QW-406.3, QW-407.2, QW-409.1, QW-409.4

and QW-410.9 regarding exemptions for materials not affected by cooling rate when toughness qualification is required.

  • Revised QG-106(a) regarding supervising qualification activities.
  • Revised QG-108 regarding qualifications made to previous editions.

Section X

  • Laminate tapers for nozzle attachments revised from 6:1 to 4:1 to align with 4:1 tapers on head/shell and shell/shell joints.
  • Permit the use of a KD factor of 1.0 for all chopped strand mat laminates and laminates consisting of chopped strand mat and woven roving.
  • Adopted the new ASME BPVC Section XIII, Rules for Overpressure Protection.
  • Increased the maximum operating pressure to 2,000 psi.
  • Added reference to Section VIII, Division 3, KD-10 and to make it clear that load sharing pressure parts include not only the metallic liner but the end nozzles as well.

Section XI, Division 1

  • Added Supplement 15, Qualification Requirements for PWR Reactor Vessel Upper Head Penetrations, to Mandatory Appendix VIII.
  • Added a new Nonmandatory Appendix Y, Crack Growth Rate Curves, to consolidate all existing and future crack growth rate curves used in Section XI.
  • Added a new Nonmandatory Appendix Z, Guide for Buried Piping and Component Inspection Program, to provide guidance for critical attributes which will be addressed in the Owner’s inspection program.
  • IWA-5244 revised to allow one of three pressure test options (i.e. ground surface examination, pressure drop test, or inventory reduction test) for Buried Class 2 and Class 3 components to provide more flexibility to Owners

Section XI, Division 2

  • First published in 2019.
  • Figures I-1.1-1 through I-1.1-6 replaced the original Figures I-1.1-1 through I-1.1-7 to fully integrate the flowcharts to convey the RIM process more effectively.

Section XII

  • TM-120 revised to parallel the new wording used in Section VIII, Division 1, UG-10.
  • TP-200 revised to require that all repairs and alterations to the pressure vessel of a transport tank be performed by organizations holding a National Board “R” Certificate of Authorization.
  • Added new Mandatory Appendix on Bolted Flange Connections with Ring Gaskets.

Section XIII

  • New in 2021, ASME BPVC Section XIII, Rules for Overpressure Protection.
  • This new Section consolidates and standardizes pressure relief device requirements for all ASME BPVC Sections.


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